Manufacturer: European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
First Successful Proton Firing: Sept 10, 2008
Location: Near Geneva, Switzerland
Type: Worlds largest and highest energy particle accelerator
Cost: $4.4 billion projected
Circumference: 17 miles
Speed: Protons are accelerated to slightly lower than the speed of light.
Design: Over 10,000 scientists and engineers collaborated to design and construct it.
Purpose: By having fast moving particles travel around the circumference of the collider, they are sped to nearly the speed of light and then collided. The collision produces new particles among other things. High energy physicists are able to test hypothesis from studying these results and better understand the nature of our universe.
Trivia: The term hadron refers to particles composed of quarks.